Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Planning - Sesigning and Conducting
Question: Discuss about the Planning, Sesigning and Conducting. Answer: Definition of Social Research Jha, (2014) defines social research as a form of a study carried out by social scientists who are concerned mainly with the society as well as the relationships which exist among individuals within it. Methodologies in social research can be categorized along qualitative or quantitative dimensions. Quantitative methodologies often address a common social occurrence using quantifiable evidence and in most of the cases depend on statistical analysis to generate reliable and valid overall claims about the phenomenon. It is related to quantity. A qualitative design, on the other hand, aims at comprehending a social event through data collection processes and procedures such as surveys, face-to-face interviews, or evaluation of secondary sources like journals and underlying theoretical works. It is entirely related to quality of the phenomenon under study (Hall, 2008). Most Appealing Theoretical Paradigm Sociological thinking in this class of study is guided by a basic image of society often referred to as theoretical paradigm. There are four theoretical models, namely, evolutionary theory, structural-functioning paradigm, the social-conflict paradigm, and the symbolic paradigm. Out of this four, evolutionary theory model appeals to me most. This line of thought proposes that a society goes through different phases in the development sequence and undergoes various stages of growth and expansion, from simple primitive, archaic society to complex modern society. This paradigm unlike the rest looks for series of transformation and provides an adequate explanation how the community comes to exist, grow, and progress. It is the mostly applied social research paradigm by investigators (Biel, Eek, Ga?rling, Gustafsson, 2008). Difference between a Literature Review and an Annotated Bibliography A literature review is written taking the form of an expository essay which includes an introduction, body, and a conclusion, often composed around a controlling thesis or ideology (Ridley, 2011).An annotated bibliography, on the other hand, is just a list of sources written in alphabetical order accompanied by comments. Furthermore, while an individual source appears once in an annotated bibliography, it might be referred to more than once in a literature review, according to its significance in the field or relation to other sources. A literature review encompasses its own intext citations and bibliography sometimes called work cited list. A literature review is a written text which is used to consider the crucial points of contemporary knowledge. It provides a comprehensive survey of the theoretical works composed in a certain discipline or area of study or a line of exploration, often over a stipulated period of time, taking the form of a detailed or critical appraisal of a parti cular author. In this respect, an annotated bibliography is a brief evaluative note or description added to every citation or reference, helping the researcher to assess whether the source is suitable for a certain topic or line of an autopsy. (Offenhauer, Buchalter, Library of Congress, National Institute of Justice (U.S.), 2011). My proposed research topic will focus on youth recidivism, primary causes, and possible prevention measures. My study will be based on both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies. This is because I will be having two main motives behind my exploration. I will use quantitative data to discover how particular types of behaviors among the youth such as drug abuse and peer pressure lead to recidivism. Again I will use qualitative data to figure out why such age group engages in such misconducts. Besides, applying both qualitative and quantitative research designs in my study will enable me to address the big issue of recidivism or re-offense comprehensively in Australia with few research limitations. Recidivism is a social work oriented topic which has gotten attention of many researchers around the world (Payne Australian Institute of Criminology, 2007).However, the context of my investigation will be centered primarily in Australia. References Biel, A., Eek, D., Ga?rling, T., Gustafsson, M. (2008).New issues and paradigms in research on social dilemmas. New York, N.Y.: Springer. Hall, R. (2008).Applied social research: Planning, designing and conducting real-world research. South Yarra, Vic: Palgrave Macmillan. Jha, A. S. (2014).Social research methods. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill Education (India. Offenhauer, P., Buchalter, A. R., Library of Congress., National Institute of Justice (U.S.). (2011).Teen dating violence: A literature review and annotated bibliography. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Justice. Payne, J., Australian Institute of Criminology. (2007).Recidivism in Australia: Findings and future research. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Ridley, D. (2011).The literature review: A step-by-step guide for students. Los Angeles: Sage.